Cocaine, a potent stimulant derived from the coca plant, is renowned for its strong addictive characteristics. Its swift absorption, whether snorted, smoked, or injected, induces intense euphoria and elevated energy. However, the high is ephemeral, often driving individuals to binge, escalating the risk of cocaine overdose.
Several underlying mechanisms make cocaine highly addictive. Physiologically, cocaine disrupts neurotransmitters in the brain, amplifying pleasure sensations but subsequently leading to heightened tolerance and dependence. Persistent cocaine use can engender a substance use disorder, prompting users to seek the drug despite cognizance of its harmful implications.
The multiple facets of cocaine manifest primarily in two forms – the first is the powdered form, which is predominantly snorted. The second is crack cocaine, a crystalline rock substance typically heated and smoked.